Ban Nai Son

 Orientation

Ban Nai Soi is also known as Ban Tractor/ Ban Kwai, and is made up of populations from the original Karenni Camps 1, 2 and 3 prior to their consolidation

Location: Pang Moo Sub-district, Muang District, Mae Hong Son Province
Distance from Border: 4 kms in a straight line
Distance from Mae Hong Son: 26 kms / approx. 45 minutes driving time
Accessibility: Car: good, all-year-round access from sealed car road.
Phone: no mobile phone coverage
Camp Geography: Area 440 rai (70 ha)

History
Site 1 is the result of camp consolidations in 1996, during which the original Ban Tractor and Ban Kwai camps were combined into one site, with the addition of Nai Soi being included in 2002.

The original camp was established on the Karenni side of the border in 1989, and it has been moved many times since. It moved back into Burma in August 1993, but was forced back into Thailand in July 1995, following the breakdown of the Karenni ceasefire with Rangoon. Camp 1 residents joined this camp in January 1996, before it was finally moved to its present location in March of the same year.

Due to its proximity to the border, this camp is quite vulnerable. It was shelled by a combined force of Burma Army troops and its allies in January 1997, causing one death and two injuries, and Nai Soi was also shelled in September 1998 resulting in one Thai villager being wounded. During the 2005 dry season, heavy mortar shelling of nearby areas across the border could often be heard in camp. Landmines have been reported on both sides of the border near the camp, and the Burma Army has a base across the border from the Border Patrol Police post past Ban Kwai.

The camp still reflects its original geographic make-up, consisting of three main sections – Ban Tractor, Ban Kwai and Nai Soi. During this time, the population has grown from 1,714 (May 1996) to over 10,000, see “Demographics” below for more details.

Due to its isolated location, the camp is off the mains electricity grid, although the camp office, and health and education centres in the camp have access to power from electric generators. Some households also have access to these to recharge vehicle batteries to power residential lighting.

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